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Fasciae – What holds us together

Everybody is talking about fascia training these days. Although there seems to be a downright hype about it, fasciae are not a recent discovery. New to it is the understanding of the function the faciae have in our body.

Fasciae are the soft parts of the conjunctive tissue and run through the body like a network. The name derives from the Latin word ‘fascia’ and means ‘band’. Due to the high content of collagen fasciae are extremely elastic which makes it possible for them to hold together all body parts and fixate them in the right spot. Fasciae are classified in three different layers:

Superficial Fasciae

The superficial fasciae are in the subcutaneous tissue and consist mostly of lose conjunctive and fat tissue. They surround organs and glands, connect them with each other and store fat and water. Furthermore, they serve as a buffer and gateway for lymph, nerves, and blood vessels.

Deep Fasciae

The deep fasciae run through and surround muscles, bones, joints, and neural pathways. They also compress and form bands, sinews, and joint capsules. These fasciae show a very high content of collagen which makes them extremely elastic. Deep fasciae have a lot of receptors and peripheral nerve endings to help them reacting to injuries immediately.

Visceral Fasciae

Visceral fasciae serve as mounting and embedding for the inner organs and brain. As a protection, every of these organs is surrounded by a double layer of fasciae. Examples for visceral fasciae are the cerebral membrane, the pericardium, the pleura, and the peritoneum.

Today back pain, a stiff neck or joint trouble are almost normality for many people. Meanwhile experts came to the realization that agglutinated fasciae might be the cause for these conditions and that a specific training can bring relief.

Agglutinated fasciae develop when the flow of lymphatic fluid is disturbed. The lymphatic fluid transports nutrients to the muscles and carts away contaminants and slags. Muscle movement is the only way to keep it flowing. Tension of the muscles disturbs the flow of the lymphatic fluid and may cause an accumulation of it in one spot. Fibrinogen is usually dissolved in the lymphatic liquid but is decomposed to Fibrin when it accumulates. Fibrin is known as the body’s own glue that helps to close wounds. When there is no wound for the Fibrin to close, it agglutinates the fasciae and the surrounding tissue.

Agglutinated fasciae lose their expansibility which causes immobility. Furthermore, neural pathways that go through the tissue can be squished which is very painful. According to researchers, the cause of back pain is 80% agglutinated fasciae and only 20% issues with the intervertebral discs.

To obtain the function of the fasciae it is very important to be active and avoid stress. Chronical stress affects the entire body and can compromise mobility significantly. As well as stress and physical inactivity an acidosis of the body can have a negative effect on the fasciae. An unhealthy diet, physical overload, or mental problems can cause acidosis. Fasciae lose their flexibility in a superacid milieu and therefore stiffen easily which leads to tension and immobility.

If you experience pain and you don’t know the cause of it, it might be worth to see a fasciae therapist. With specific massages, they can locate and loosen agglutinated fasciae and help you to become pain-free. For the training at home you can use a fascia roll which comes in different degrees of hardness and will relief the pain with only a few uses. Stay flexible!